Founded in 1886, the American Federation of Labor offered unprecedented bargaining power to a large number of workers.  The Railway Labor Act (1926) required employers to negotiate collective agreements with unions. U.S. labor law is currently structured in such a way that it significantly hinders workers and unions who wish to negotiate on a large scale with employers in their sector in order to set standards for their sector. In particular, the NRA sets up a single construction site and, at most, a single employer as a standard bargaining unit8 Workers and unions can try to create a broader bargaining unit, for example.B. a bargaining unit with several agencies of the same employer, but to do so, they must convince the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) of the suitability of the largest unit and organize the support of a majority of workers in the largest unit. Before negotiations for a collective agreement begin, the union must obtain certification from the Chamber of Labour. Shortly after certification, the union begins the process of collective bargaining (or bargaining) with the employer. The objective of the negotiations is to reach agreement on the many issues that can be included in the agreement. In addition, the national construction unions within the AFL-CIO negotiate national agreements with contractors for both construction and maintenance projects.
For example, there are currently national construction contracts for 301 maintenance projects in 34 countries, involving 118 signatory employers31 After decades of organization and struggle, the Communications Workers of America (CWA) reached a national collective agreement with AT&T that allowed the union to bargain for 500,000 employees in the telecommunications sector. But the subsequent deregulation and dispersal of „Ma Bell“ into eight regional businesses („Baby Bells“) in the 1980s destroyed the national agreement on an employer, and non-union companies quickly took advantage of deregulation to create businesses and undermine standards. CWA must now negotiate with AT&T for 11 individual and geographically distributed bargaining units: six for traditional fixed service workers, four for mobile wireless service workers, and one for DSL customer service. CWA also negotiates separately with the other regional bell companies that have become Verizon and CenturyLink. Today, the union represents about 100,000 employees at AT&T across the country and another 50,000 on the remains of the regional bells. All telecommunications activities compete with non-professional cables for the same broadband market, further undermining bargaining power22 Labour and employment legislation adopted by the Finnish Parliament forms the basis of collective agreements. As the minimum wage is not defined in Finnish labour and employment legislation, workers` wages are based on collective agreements negotiated by trade unions. The sector with the most widespread practice of negotiating with several employers is the construction industry….