In the previous lesson, we explained adjective placement rules and talked about some of the situations in which they are used before or after nouns. In this lesson, we learn another important feature called „concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo“, the adjective agreement in Spanish. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it looks, although you will understand everything much faster if you already know the basics of noun sex and the plural form of nouns. These forms are increasingly rare, especially in Latin America, and are starting to change anyway. For example, „rose“ can become „rosado“ and „naranja“ „anaranjado“. Nevertheless, here are some examples of adjectives that can remain unchanged, regardless of the noun. As its name suggests, descriptive adjectives of a certain quality of a noun. You may be wondering how an adjective can be masculine, feminine or plural. The key is that Spanish adjectives do not have intrinsic sex or plurality, as nouns do. They simply copy the shape of the noun they describe. This means that the adjective, both in plurality and in sex, corresponds to the noun it describes.
As has already been said, Spanish adjectives usually have a singular form and a plural form. The rules are exactly the same as those used to form the plural of nouns. To illustrate this, we would say for a sentence like „It`s a nice model“ „Ella es una modelo hermosa“, but for several models we have to say „Ellas sound without hermosas mode“. Note that all words, including the subject pronoun and the SER verb, change, so there is indeed a Spanish subject-adjective correspondence and the sentence has meaning. Some examples of verbs that you can use in sentences to describe Spanish adjectives are as follows. If you feel like you`ve mastered Spanish adjective correspondence and are doing something more demanding, try creating a few more complex sentences with the structures listed below. Possessive forms such as mío (mine) and tuyo (tes) also act as Spanish adjectives. However, the difference lies in the fact that possessive in ustic only come after verbs in full sentences (although there are exceptions). If this happens, the possessive must have the same ending as the name. Some examples of possessive used as adjectives: Congratulations – You have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish adjective agreement on gender. Now try for yourself. The following sentences contain adjectives only in the standard form (male, singular).
The adjective in each sentence has been printed in bold to make things easier. It is up to you to decide if they are correct, and if not, correct them. The Spanish adjectives that you will hear and read very regularly are: the kind of verbs that can be directly followed by adjectives is called Copulas. The list of copulas in Spanish is much longer than in English due to the flexibility of Spanish reflexes. Remember, this is not an exhaustive list, and there are other verbs you can use directly with adjectives like this. Plural Spanish adjectives always end on -s, whether it is –bone or ace. Again, it will be – bone for masculine adjectives – as for feminine adjectives. Pluralists who end on -il can be male or female.
We begin this lesson with a video that explains the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script. This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language.